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Passing notes between two harmonies

Passing notes such as the D in the right hand of bar one of the example below are easy to show as third progressions because they fill in the gap between two notes of the same harmony (in this case I of C).

The F in the second bar is also clearly a passing note but, unlike the first example, it connects not two notes from one harmony but from different harmonies (chord V and chord I). The G and the E that the F connects do still make sense in relation to the goal harmony and, even in an initial foreground analysis, it is better to show how the F functions as a passing note on the way to the tonic rather than leave it unanalyzed.

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© Copyright Thomas Pankhurst